The Australian program on skin cancer prevention is a useful model for
skin cancer prevention programs for Texas and other Sunbelt states. Two
out of three Australians can expect to develop skin cancer in their life
times. As a result of these statistics, an aggressive skin cancer prevention
campaign has been underway in Australia since 1980. In 1986, the Anti-Cancer
Council of the state of Victoria (ACCV) began organizing a highly structured
information and prevention campaign known as "SunSmart."
The ACCV is a volunteer organization, supported by private donations and
state monies through the Victorian Health Promotion Foundation (Health
Vic), which draws its revenues from tobacco product taxes.
The ACCV "SunSmart" campaign coordinates behavioral research,
epidemiological research, education strategies, and evaluation measures,
and an aggressive media campaign. Over the years it has been successful
in influencing policy and keeping skin cancer awareness in the forefront
of schools, workplaces and recreational organizations. There has been
a 50% reduction
in sunburn rate, and a decrease in non-melanoma skin cancer in people
under 50. [ 32 ]
The ACCV operates in the state of Victoria, but shares information and
approaches with the other states in Australia, many of which have their
own active skin cancer prevention programs. [
B. Centers for Disease
Demonstration projects and initiatives (none
(Many of these campaigns are reviewed in Health Education & Behavior,
June 1999) Target: parents and caregivers of children under the age of
13 in school and community settings.
San Diego State University Site: San Diego Zoo visitors aged 12 and
University of Hawaii and Boston University School of Medicine Site:
public swimming facilities in Hawaii
Action Plan for Skin Cancer Prevention in Health, Physical Education,
Recreation, and Youth Sports
Coalition plan to provide skin cancer prevention education to professionals
and volunteers who work in youth sports. Action plan developed for
skin cancer action kit to help member organizations assess their prevention
Coalition for Skin Cancer Prevention
Coordinated by the Medical and Chirurgical Faculty of Maryland
"SunGuard Man" Middle school campaign, outreach to sporting
activities. Member of coalition is Ulman Cancer Fund for Young Adults,
which has a melanoma awareness campaign for youth sports.
Health Department's Project SPF (Sun Safety, Protection, and Fun)
Focus was increasing skin cancer awareness of caregivers of children
aged 3-5 years. Resulted in incorporating the Sun Safety Training
Curriculum into the regulations for all licensed early childhood centers
statewide, and in the childhood education course at the state's largest
community college system.
Health Department's Early Childhood Sun Protection Curriculum
Pre-school-aged children. Message targeted to children themselves.
Assessment of shaded areas of public parks, pools, and schools.
Health Department's "Got Youth Covered"
Intervention with youth soccer leagues. Developed coaches' training
Hawaii Health Department and University of Hawaii Prelude to Cool
Pool program. Target: multi-ethnic population.
Ban-the-Burn Safe Skin Project
Massachusetts Health Department and Boston University School of Medicine
Information kits disseminated to parents of infants and third graders.